Grape and raisin toxicity in dogs
The answer (and this goes for raisins, too, which are just dried grapes) is easy: No. Grapes and raisins are known to be highly toxic to dogs.full
Can dogs eat grapes? The answer and this goes for raisins, too, which are just dried grapes is easy: No. Because of that, peeled or seedless grapes should also be avoided. Ingesting the fruit could potentially lead to acute sudden kidney failure in dogs. If your dog has ingested grapes or raisins, treatment is absolutely critical. Contact your veterinarian, who may suggest you induce vomiting as soon as possible.
Grapes, raisins, sultanas, and even currants some currants are actually small, black grapes are toxic to your dog! There have also been anecdotal reports of cats and ferrets being affected. Ingestion of even a small amount of grapes, raisins , or currants can result in severe, acute kidney failure. Most, if not all, products that contain grapes or raisins may cause toxicity — this includes grape juice, trail mix with raisins, raisin bread, and possibly even wine. Additionally, some cookies and bars including protein and snack bars may contain raisin paste and some breads contain raisin juice. All grapes and raisins, seeded and seedless, organic and conventionally grown, can cause toxicity.
Ingestion of grapes or raisins has resulted in development of anuric renal failure in some dogs. Cases reported to date have been in dogs; anecdotal reports exist of renal failure in cats and ferrets after ingestion of grapes or raisins. It is not known why many dogs can ingest grapes or raisins with impunity while others develop renal failure after ingestion. The condition has not been reproduced experimentally, although raisin extracts have been shown to cause damage to canine kidney cells in vitro. The exact mechanism of toxicity is unknown, although the primary injury appears to be in the proximal renal tubular epithelium. A clear dose-response relationship has not been determined, but as few as 4—5 grapes were implicated in the death of an lb 8. Other signs include lethargy, anorexia, abdominal pain, weakness, dehydration, polydipsia, and tremors shivering.
Snopes needs your help! Learn more. Several published cases have documented the development of acute renal failure in dogs who consumed large quantities of grapes or raisins. Many dogs ingest grapes or raisins with no harmful effects, and the scientific mechanism linking grapes and raisins to acute renal failure in canines is unknown. Most dog lovers have long been exposed to dire warnings urging that canines should not be offered or allowed to ingest grapes and raisins, lest they suffer kidney failure i. However, the mechanism behind why renal failure might occur in some dogs after they have consumed grapes or raisins, as well as the criteria that put some dogs at risk but not others, remain largely unknown.
The consumption of grapes and raisins presents a potential health threat to dogs. Their toxicity to dogs can cause the animal to develop acute kidney injury the sudden development of kidney failure with anuria a lack of urine production. Approximately cases were seen by the APCC in the one year from April to April , with 50 developing symptoms and seven dying. It is not clear that the observed cases of renal failure following ingestion are due to grapes only. Clinical findings suggest raisin and grape ingestion can be fatal, but the mechanism of toxicity is still considered unknown. The reason some dogs develop renal failure following ingestion of grapes and raisins is not known. Vomiting and diarrhea are often the first clinical signs of grape or raisin toxicity.
Raisins and Grapes